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Aberdare National Park

Aberdare National Park is a diverse broad collection of African ecosystems. In contrast to many national parks, the Park is covered by thick mountain rainforest and bamboo forests. Most of the park’s big game lives in these woodlands. The dense vegetation can sometimes make the sighting of animals a bit more difficult, but all the more exciting when an elephant or buffalo suddenly emerges from the thicket.

The Park is situated in the Central highlands of Kenya. It is found north of Nairobi and east of the Rift Valley and covers an area of 767 sq km.

Aberdare National Park is a high altitude national park created to protect the slopes and moorland of the Aberdare Mountains. The topography ranges from high moorland, hills and peaks to indigenous forest, ravines, streams and waterfalls. Due to its high altitude, the park is very rainy and misty, with roads that become impassable during the wet season. The Kenya Wildlife Service and Rhino Ark, a charity dedicated to the protection of the area and its wildlife, run Aberdare National Park.

Things to do in Aberdare National Park Safari drives for wildlife viewing and Bird watching

Aberdare is home to the second largest herd of endangered black rhinos. Many Kenyan animals can be seen here including African elephants, rhinos, black leopard and the elusive bongo antelope. Kenya’s best safari lodge is located in Aberdare National Park –The Ark, providing excellent game viewing at night over the watering hole.


Created in 1950, Aberdare National Park was a far-sighted decision to protect the Aberdare Mountains and surrounding wildlife. It is situated 100km (62 miles) north of Nairobi, at the very center of Kenya. Aberdare National Park covers just 766km², which is small compared to other national parks, and has more difficult terrain due to its location in Kenya’s central highlands, to the west of Mount Kenya. The volcanic range of the Aberdare Mountains varies from the high moorland at 3000 meters (9842 feet), to the peaks of Kinangop (3906m/12814 feet) and Ol Donyo Lesatima (3999m/13123 feet).

The rich, red volcanic soil provides excellent growing conditions for the indigenous forest, and lies in stark contrast to both the forest and the mountain’s rugged and beautiful peaks. One of the main features of Aberdare National Park is that it is home to the second largest population of black rhinos, which are an endangered species. Other animals that may be observed in the park include leopards, baboons, and black and white Colobus monkeys and Sykes monkeys. There are also over 250 species of birds, including hawks, goshawks, eagles, sunbirds and plovers.

There are 60km (37 miles) of primary roads and 396km (246 miles) of secondary roads, but they all become virtually impassable during the rainy season, which lasts from March to May, and to a lesser degree, from October to December. There is still some rainfall and mist year-round due to the high altitude of Aberdare.

​How to get to Aberdare

​By Road: Aberdare is 160km (99 miles) from Nairobi. There is a tarmac road from Nyeri and Naro Moru on the eastern side of Aberdare. However, the best access route is from the towns of Nyahururu and Naivasha. Gates are situated at Ruhuruina, Kiandongoro, Ark, Wandare and Treetops, if approaching from Nyeri. From Nyahururu, use the Rhino Gate, Shamata Gate and from Naivasha, use the Mutubio Gate.

By Air: There are two good airstrips for chartered aircrafts at Nyeri and Mweiga, next to the Aberdare National Park headquarters.

What to see and do in Aberdare

Things to do in Aberdare National Park

Aberdare National Park offers many activities and tourist attractions, as well as wildlife safaris.See African elephants, rhinos, black leopards and bongo antelope as well as many other animals native to Kenya. Bird watching is good here, with over 250 species of birds recorded in Aberdare National Park. Trout fishing in the ice-cold Gura, Karuru and Chania Rivers is another popular activity. You can also take time to admire Lesatima and Kinangop peaks or walk through the moorland and visit the magnificent waterfalls.

Best Attractions in Aberdare National Park Amazing Scenery of Karuru Waterfalls

​Do a nocturnal animal viewing from The Ark Lodge. In fact, it was while vacationing at the Treetops lodge that Princess Elizabeth of Great Britain learned her father had died, thus making her Queen. Climb the Twin Hills, Elephant Hills and Table Mountains. January and February are good months to visit Aberdare, as are June to September. March to May is the heavy rainy season and should be avoided because the roads become impassable. There may also be some access problems from October to December.

Climate in Aberdare National Park

​Although Aberdare is close to the equator, the altitude governs the climate. It is cooler than the lower plains and coastal areas, and very misty and rainy year-round. The most wet months are during the main rainy season, which lasts from March through May, and the shorter rainy season from October to December. At these times, roads become impassable.

Over 1000mm of rain falls annually on the north-western slopes, and 3000mm on the south-eastern side of Aberdare National Park.

Our safari tours to Aberdare include:

6 Days Rhino Conservation Safari

8 Days Discover Kenya Adventure Safari

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Arrow Adventures Kenya offers tailor-made, affordable and amazing deals for adventure activities allowing you to marvel at the fascinating wildlife and landscape within East Africa. Our experts will help you customize an unforgettable adventure holiday experience. We have the best wildlife safaris with amazing Kenya and Tanzania Adventure Tours Packages and you get to sample the best attractions in the region. We offer privately guided safaris where you will enjoy our personalized services.

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